Chelyabinsk



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Also in , construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway from Chelyabinsk started and in the city was linked to Ekaterinburg. Chelyabinsk became the hub for relocation to Siberia. For fifteen years more than fifteen million people - a tenth of Russia - passed through Chelyabinsk. Some of them remained in Chelyabinsk, which contributed to its rapid growth. In addition, in Chelyabinsk was organized custom office set "customs fracture" the bounding duty-free grain and tea to the European part of the country that led to the emergence in mills and set the tea-packing factory.

Soon Chelyabinsk started turning into a major trade center, its population reached 20, inhabitants by , 45, by , and 70, by For rapid growth at the turn of the 20th century, similar to American cities, Chelyabinsk called "Behind the Urals Chicago ". During the first Five-Year Plans of the s, Chelyabinsk experienced rapid industrial growth.

Several establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time.

During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk.

Facilities for the production of T tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk. During World War II, it produced 18, tanks, and 48, tank diesel engines as well as over 17 million units of ammunition. In the press of the time Chelyabinsk was informally called " Tankograd " or "Tank City".

The meteor created a momentary flash as bright as the sun and generated a shock wave that injured over a thousand people. Fragments fell in and around Chelyabinsk. Interior Ministry spokesman Vadim Kolesnikov said 1, people had called for medical assistance following the incident, mostly for treatment of injuries from glass broken by the explosions.

One woman suffered a broken spine. A spokeswoman for the Emergency Ministry told the Associated Press that there was a meteor shower ; however, another ministry spokeswoman was quoted by the Interfax news agency as saying it was a single meteor. The power of the explosion was about kilotons of TNT about 1. Luckily, thanks to the high altitude of the explosion the city managed to avoid large casualties and destruction. Chelyabinsk is the administrative center of the oblast.

Its elevation is — meters. The city is bisected by the river Miass which is regarded as the border between the Urals and Siberia. This is reflected in the geology of the place, with low granite hills of the Urals on the western side and lower sedimentary rock of the West Siberian Plain on the eastern side.

The "Leningrad bridge" connects the two sides, so it is called the "bridge of the Urals to Siberia". Chelyabinsk itself is therefore also known as "The Gateway to Siberia". Like Rome , Constantinople , and Moscow , Chelyabinsk is said to be located on seven hills. The city has warm summer humid continental climate Köppen: Dfb farther north than found on Canadian prairies. The highest precipitation is concentrated in the summer, reducing in the winter. Altogether they are It is rainy days a year, but the first month of the year records only one tenth of a day.

The architecture of Chelyabinsk has been shaped through its history by the change of historical eras in the development of Russia. Before the revolution of the city was a trading centre, with numerous merchant buildings in the eclectic and modern styles with elements of Russian Revival architecture , some of which are preserved on Kirovka St. Industrialization started in the late s. The construction of large plants was accompanied by the construction of a brand new residential and public buildings in the constructivist style.

In the late s a new era began in the city, came associated with construction of monumental buildings in Stalinist style. The city center and central avenue are constructed in substantially this style. The next 60 years saw intensive construction of housing tower blocks as the city's population rose to about one million; note on the map the large residential area calle "Severo-Zapad" English: With the market reforms of the '90s the city began intensive construction of office buildings for business and major shopping malls in postmodern and high-tech styles.

Chelyabinsk has seventeen public parks. There are over a dozen universities in Chelyabinsk. The oldest, Chelyabinsk State Agroengineering Academy , was founded in It was followed by the Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical University in Chelyabinsk is one of the major industrial centers of Russia. Chelyabinsk Mechanical Plant produces automotive and industrial cranes trademark "Chelyabinets". Chelyabinsk road machinery plant name Kolyuschenko produces road construction machinery and dump trucks Terex.

Chelyabinsk Watch Factory " Molnija " produces pocket, souvenir watches and technical watches for aircraft and ships. In , the clock " Molnija " were given as gifts to participants of the Moscow Olympic Games. Agro-industrial company "Makfa", Russia's largest producer of pasta, one of the five largest world producers of pasta. Agricultural firm "Ariant" - leader in the production of meat products in the Urals Federal District of Russia , produces alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

American multinational corporation Emerson buying up shares of local businesses "Metran" organized in Chelyabinsk engineering center, building a factory for the production of industrial devices and equipment.

In recent years, Chelyabinsk significant role in the economy of the early play services, banking and insurance activities, logistics centers, tourism. The city is the central offices of major regional banks as "Chelindbank" and "Chelyabinvestbank". There are several large shopping malls. The largest of them are Gorky English: Hills , with an area of 55, meters 2 , and Rodnik English: Spring , , meters 2.

At least two more are under construction: Diamond , , meters 2 , and Cloud , , meters 2. Public transport of Chelyabinsk is represented by a bus lines network since , tram and trolleybus systems, as well as private marshrutka routed cab services. The city has several taxi companies. This amount of time would give enemies such as the United States or South Korea time to conduct airstrikes and destroy the missiles before they could be launched.

However, North Korea may also be studying Soviet encapsulation techniques such as those used in the UR ICBM, where each missile comes prefueled in a maintenance-free capsule with a mean time between overhauls of several years and a preparation time required before launch reduces to minutes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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